Kerala is probably the greenest place you will ever see. The coconut palms, the red tilted houses, the innumerable lakes and beaches will remain long lasting impressions to any visitor. The colorful festivals like ONAM & VISHU, various types dances like Kathakali, Kaikottikali, Mohiniyattom and Koodiyattam, martial arts like Kalaripayattu and wildlife sanctuaries are the other attractions. Ayurveda the 3000 year old system of medicine (recognized by World Health Organization as a system of alternative medicine), is becoming very popular all over the world. Kerala is a very attractive tourist place in Asia.
Location : Kerala is a narrow strip of land located on the south
western edge of the Indian
Subcontinent : It is sandwiched between the Western Ghats mountain
range on the East and the Arabian Sea on the West.
Area : 38,863 sq km
Population : 29,011,237 census 1991
Density Of Population : 749/Sq. KM
Capital : Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum)km
Language : Malayalam, Hindi, English
Time : GMT +5.30 hrs
Climate : Summer - February to May (Max. 33oC Min. 24oC),
Monsoon - June to September (Max. 28oC Min. 22oC), Winter -
October to September (Max. 32oC Min. 22oC)
Best Time To Visit : September to May
Legend says that Parasuraman, the sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu threw
his axe into the sea from Gokarnam (near present Mangalore) and it is
believed the sea retreated from where his axe fell to give birth to Kerala.
Geologist are of the view that Kerala was formed much later than the rest
of the subcontinent. Submarine earth movement probably pushed up the land
between the curve of the Western Ghats to form this wonderful land. It is
possible that the earth inhabitants could have witnessed this geological
event leading to the creation of the myths & legends concerning the
birth of Kerala.
The interesting thing about the myths and legends of Kerala are that they
are so strongly interlinked with scientific facts and history that it is
very difficult to distinguish between fact and fiction. According to the
discovery of Microliths or small stone implements near Kozhikode and Cochin
point to presence of man in Kerala as far back as 4000 BC.
Historians believe that civilization existed in one form or the other in
Kerala as early as 5000 BC to 3000 BC. T he early where most probably of
Negrito stock as the rest of South India. The Negrito race was followed by
the Austrics and then by the Dravidians. The Indo-Arabians (erroneously
often referred to as Aryans) seems to have gained in substantial numbers by
and Islam were introduced in Kerala much before the rest of the India.
Historians and the Church agree that St. Thomas the Apostle arrived in
Muziris (present day Kodungallur) in AD 52. Still later in AD 643 prophet
Mohammed's disciple Malik Ibn Dinar arrived in Kerala to spread the
prophet's message. Then in 1498 the first wave of the Europeans began to
arrive. Vasco Da Gama, the Portuguese seafarer landed at the Kappad beach
near Calicut in north Kerala.
Kerala is a land which always encouraged trading and traders. In 1000 BC
King Solomon's ship visited "Ophix" (the modern puvar south of
Thiruvananthapuram) to trade in Ivory Sandalwood and Peacocks. This fame of
Kerala Spices brought the Romans in 30 AD. Who were followed by the Greeks,
Arabs, Chinese. The spices trade brought Vascoda Gamma to Kappad (near
Kozhikode) in 1498. Which paved the way for a new trading history. Followed
by Gamma Europeans opened the way for new trade in spices, Ivory, Sandalwood
Geographically Kerala is one of the smallest states in India covering
merely 1.3% of total area of the country. Karnataka in north and Tamilnadu
in East. Physically the state can be divided in to three natural divisions,
the sandy costal region with coconut groves, paddy fields, back waters and
sea. The midland region made up of fertile reddish hills and valleys that
grow most of Kerala's agricultural crops. Peaks extensive ridges and ravines
of the Western Ghats. Where sandalwood, tea, coffee, rubber and most of
Kerala's exotic spices are grown.
Kerala enjoys balmy Weather almost all through out the year. It is neither
too cold in the winter months nor too hot in summer. The best time to visit
is November to February, where the air bracing and on some morning there is
a light mist.